Effect of Unani Formulation in Bars (Vitiligo): A Case Study
Bars (Vitiligo) is an autoimmune pigmentation skin disorder with multiple predisposing and triggering factors, characterized by white macules that increase in its size. According to the Unani system of Medicine, Bars is caused due to weakness of quwwat-e-mughayyarah of the skin, fasad-e-hazm, excessive burudat in the mizaj of the body, and fasad-e-khoon. In this case study, a 10-year-old male child was registered with complaints of bilateral multiple irregular milky patches over both upper eyelids that have spread rapidly within two years. On examination, he was diagnosed as a patient of non-segmental vitiligo. The patient was advised to take 4gm of compound Unani formulation comprising Babchi (Psoralea corylifolia Linn.), Barg-e-Suddab (Ruta graveolens Linn.), and Zanjabeel (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) in the form of Zulal (infusion) orally, and to apply the sediments of drug over the affected parts twice a day for 60 days. He was also advised to expose to sunlight daily after local application of the drug for about 10 minutes. More than 90% of the lesions were replaced with normal pigmentation within one month of treatment, and the rest of the de-pigmented macules were completely re-pigmented after 60 days of treatment. No adverse effects were reported during treatment; therefore, the formulation was found to be safe and effective for oral administration and local application in children. Such a quick and safe result of this formulation made this case to be reported.
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